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  • 48 “A” and “B” Useful Terms in CAM
  • Sonee Singh
  • CAMComplementary Alternative MedicineDefinitions

48 “A” and “B” Useful Terms in CAM

48 “A” and “B” Useful Terms in CAM

These are listed in alphabetical order and contain terms that start with the letters A and B:

  1. Absorption The process through with the body moves nutrients and other molecules from the digestive tract and into the body's circulation
  2. Acupressure Treatment rooted in TCM in which points in the body are targeted to provide relaxation, pain relief, and healing. Acupressure points are located along meridians, and pressure is applied to release blockages in chi. As these blockages are released, pain and illness heals, and wellbeing is enhanced
  3. Acupuncture Treatment within TCM in which points in the body are targeted to provide relaxation, pain relief, and healing. Acupuncture points are located along meridians, and needles are inserted along these to release blockages in chi. As blockages are released, pain and illness heals, and wellbeing is enhanced
  4. Adaptogenic Essential oil, herb, or substance that helps the body reduce the effects of stress and restore homeostasis
  5. Adjuvant Essential oil, herb, or substance that is added to a formula because it aids or supports the effect of the principle ingredient
  6. Aerobic exercise Physical activity that uses oxygen in the body as a source of energy
  7. Alkaloid A constituent found in plants that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. Most have a therapeutic effect on the body, although not when consumed in excess. Some have low therapeutic margins, including constituents such as morphine, caffeine, and atropine
  8. Alterative Essential oil, herb, or substance that cleanses the blood. It works by toning and stimulating the organs that purify and clean the blood, including kidneys, lungs, liver, and lymphatic system
  9. Alternative healing Treatments and healing practices that are not considered mainstream approaches to healing, and are used in place of conventional or allopathic medicine
  10. Alternative medicine An approach to healing that is not considered mainstream approaches to healing, and is used in place of conventional or allopathic medicine
  11. Amino acid The smallest molecule a protein can be broken down into. It is an acid that contains nitrogen.   There are 20 amino acids that the body requires that are made in the body or can be found in animal and vegetable sources
  12. Anaerobic exercise Physical activity that is intense and releases lactic acid in the muscles. It does not use oxygen as a source of energy, but instead uses adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
  13. Analgesic Essential oil, herb, or substance used to relieve pain
  14. Anodyne Essential oil, herb, or substance used to relieve pain when applied externally. It is also called analgesic
  15. Anthelmintic Essential oil, herb, or substance that removes parasites or parasitic worms
  16. Antibacterial Essential oil, herb, or substance that kills bacteria, or suppresses the growth or reproduction of bacteria
  17. Anticatarrhal Essential oil, herb, or substance used to heal inflammation of the mucous membranes
  18. Anticoagulant Essential oil, herb, or substance that prevents blood clotting or blood coagulation
  19. Antidiarrheal Essential oil, herb, or substance used to thicken stools, stop diarrhea, or reduce or slow intestinal spasms
  20. Anti-dyspeptic Essential oil, herb, or substance used to counter dyspepsia or indigestion, with symptoms including gas, bloating, flatulence, burping, stomach or intestinal aches or pains, heartburn, nausea, loss of appetite, and others
  21. Antiemetic Essential oil, herb, or substance used to lessen nausea or motion sickness, and prevent or relieve vomiting
  22. Antifungal Essential oil, herb, or substance used to treat and prevent fungal infections
  23. Antihypercholesterolemic Essential oil, herb, or substance that acts to reduce high levels of cholesterol in the blood
  24. Antihyperlipidemic Essential oil, herb, or substance that acts to reduce the levels of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) in the blood. Some also act to increase the level of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) in the blood
  25. Antihypertensive Essential oil, herb, or substance that reduces high blood pressure
  26. Antiinflammatory    Essential oil, herb, or substance that reduces inflammation or swelling
  27. Antimicrobial Essential oil, herb, or substance capable of destroying microorganisms or suppressing their multiplication or growth
  28. Antimycotic Essential oil, herb, or substance that kills fungi, or suppresses fungal growth
  29. Antinausea Essential oil, herb, or substance that prevents or treats nausea
  30. Antioxidant Essential oil, herb, or substance that inhibits oxidation reactions that produce free radicals. They fight the effects of free radicals, and thus prevent cell and molecule damage
  31. Antiphlogistic Essential oil, herb, or substance used to reduce inflammation or swelling
  32. Antipruritic Essential oil, herb, or substance that relieves or prevents itching
  33. Antipyretic Essential oil, herb, or substance used to reduce temperature in fevers. Also called febrifuge
  34. Antiseptic Essential oil, herb, or substance that acts against microbes and reduces the possibility of infections and sepsis
  35. Antispasmodic Essential oil, herb, or substance used to relieve nervous irritability, reduce or prevent excessive involuntary muscular contractions and spasms, and relax smooth muscles. Also called spasmolytic
  36. Antitussive Essential oil, herb, or substance that functions as cough medicine, and prevents or relieves cough
  37. Antiviral Essential oil, herb, or substance that prevents and treats viral infections
  38. Aperient Essential oil, herb, or substance used as a mild laxative and to relieve constipation. Also called laxative
  39. Aromatherapy Therapeutic use of essential oils, whereby essential oils are applied to the skin, inhaled, ingested, or inserted into a body orifice, either directly or mixed with a carrier oil or carrier substance
  40. Astringent Essential oil, herb, or substance that shrinks or contracts tissues, and reduces discharges, such as mucus or blood
  41. Astrology The study of celestial objects with the purpose of divination
  42. Ayurveda Holistic treatment approach at least 5,000 years old that originated in the Indian subcontinent. Ayurveda is a Sanskrit work that means "the science of life"
  43. Ayurvedic Medicine Holistic medical method that seeks to understand all factors affecting an individual to device a treatment approach to heal and balance the individual. It includes 8 branches: general surgery, ophthalmology and otorhinolaryngology, medicine, psychiatry, pediatrics, obstetrics, and gynecology, toxicology, geriatrics, and fertility and sterility
  44. Bach Flower Remedy Flower essence developed by Dr. Edward Bach in the 1920's. Originally 38 remedies were discovered. They bring about healing by treating negative emotions and balancing the mind and body
  45. Balsamic Essential oil, herb, or substance that soothes and heals inflamed parts
  46. Bitter Essential oil, herb, or substance with a bitter taste that serves as a stimulant to increase appetite and digestion. Some may reduce appetite, and function as a diuretic or hepatic
  47. Bodywork Treatment and healing practice that involves work on the body, such as manipulation, massage, breathing work, and others
  48. Bronchodialator Essential oil, herb, or substance that relaxes bronchial muscles, increases the width of bronchial tubes, and increases the flow of air through the lungs

References

Gale (2014). The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, (4th Ed). Farmington Hilla, MI: Gale Cengage Learning.

Jayasundar, R. (2010). Ayurveda: a distinctive approach to health and disease. Current Science, 98(7), 908-914.

Pizzorno, J. E. & Murray, M. T. (2013). Textbook of Natural Medicine (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone.

Petersen, D. (2014). Aroma 501 Aromatherapy Science. Portland, OR: American College of Healthcare Sciences.

Petersen, D. & Etcheverry, P. (2015, December 15). 35 Holistic Nutrition Terms You Should Know [ACHS Health and Wellness Blog]. Retrieved from http://info.achs.edu/blog/35-holistic-nutrition-terms-you-should-know

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  • Sonee Singh
  • CAMComplementary Alternative MedicineDefinitions