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  • 70 "A" and "B" Useful Terms in CAM (Updated)
  • Sonee Singh
  • CAMComplementary Alternative MedicineDefinitions

70 "A" and "B" Useful Terms in CAM (Updated)

70

These are listed in alphabetical order and contain terms that start with the letters A and B:

  1. Abortifacient- Essential oil, herb, or substance that causes or induces miscarriage or abortion
  2. Absorption- The process through with the body moves nutrients and other molecules from the digestive tract and into the body's circulation
  3. Acid- Compound with a pH below 7 that releases H or hydrogen ions in a solution
  4. Acupressure- Treatment rooted in TCM in which targeted points through the body are targeted to provide relaxation, pain relief, and healing. The acupressure points are located along meridians that allow for the circulation of chi. Pressure is applied to release blockages in chi. These blockages bring illness and pain, and as acupressure releases these blockages, it enhances wellbeing
  5. Acupuncture- Treatment within TCM in which targeted points through the body are targeted to provide relaxation, pain relief, and healing. The acupuncture points are located along meridians that allow for the circulation of chi. Needles are inserted into the body along acupuncture points to release blockages in chi. These blockages bring illness and pain, and as acupressure releases these blockages, it enhances wellbeing
  6. Adaptogenic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that helps the body reduce the effects of stress and restore homeostasis
  7. Adjuvant- Essential oil, herb, or substance that is added to a formula because it aids the effect of the principle ingredient
  8. Aerobic exercise- Physical activity that uses oxygen in the body as a source of energy
  9. Alkaline- Compound with a pH above 7 that releases OH or hydroxyl ions in a solution
  10. Alkaloid- A constituent found in plants that contains carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen. Most have a therapeutic effect on the body, although not when consumed in excess. Some have low therapeutic margins, including constituents such as morphine, caffeine, and atropine
  11. Allergen- Any substance that comes into contact with the body and causes a reaction within the body in the bloodstream
  12. Allergy- Hypersensitivity reaction to a substance
  13. Alopecia- Hair loss or baldness
  14. Alterative- Essential oil, herb, or substance that cleanses the blood. It works by toning and stimulating the organs that purify and clean the blood, including kidneys, lungs, liver, and lymphatic system
  15. Alternative healing- Treatments and healing practices that are not considered mainstream approaches to healing, and are used in place of conventional or allopathic medicine
  16. Alternative medicine- An approach to healing that is not considered mainstream approaches to healing, and are used in place of conventional or allopathic medicine
  17. Amino acid- The smallest molecule a protein can be broken down into. There are 20 amino acids that the body requires that can be found in animal and vegetable sources
  18. Anaerobic exercise- Physical activity that is intense, and releases lactic acid in the muscles. It does not sure oxygen as a source of energy, but instead uses adenosine triphosphate
  19. Analgesic- Essential oil, herb, or substance used to relieve pain
  20. Anesthetic- Substances that reduce or remove sensation
  21. Anodyne- Essential oil, herb, or substance used to relieve pain when applied externally. Also called analgesic
  22. Anthelmintic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that removes parasites or parasitic worms. Also known as vermifuge
  23. Anti-dyspeptic- Essential oil, herb, or substance used to counter dyspepsia or indigestion, with symptoms including gas, bloating, flatulence, burping, stomach or intestinal aches or pains, heartburn, nausea, loss of appetite, and others
  24. Antibacterial- Essential oil, herb, or substance that destroys or suppresses the growth or reproduction of bacteria
  25. Anticatarrhal- Essential oil, herb, or substance used to heal inflammation of the mucous membranes
  26. Anticoagulant- Essential oil, herb, or substance that prevents blood clotting or blood coagulation
  27. Antidiarrheal- Essential oil, herb, or substance used to thicken stools, stop diarrhea, or reduce or slow intestinal spasms
  28. Antiemetic- Essential oil, herb, or substance used to lessen nausea or motion sickness, and prevents or relieves vomiting
  29. Antifungal- Essential oil, herb, or substance used to treat and prevent fungal infections
  30. Antihypercholesterolemic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that acts to reduce high levels of cholesterol in the blood
  31. Antihyperlipidemic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that acts to reduce the levels of low-density lipoproteins (LDL) in the blood. Some also act to increase the level of high-density lipoproteins (HDL) in the blood
  32. Antihypertensive- Essential oil, herb, or substance that reduces high blood pressure
  33. Antiinflammatory- Essential oil, herb, or substance that reduces inflammation or swelling
  34. Antilithic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that prevents stone formation
  35. Antimicrobial- Essential oil, herb, or substance capable of destroying microorganisms or suppressing their multiplication or growth
  36. Antimycotic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that controls fungal growth
  37. Antinausea- Essential oil, herb, or substance that prevents or treats nausea
  38. Antineuralgic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that relieves nerve pain
  39. Antioxidant- Essential oil, herb, or substance that inhibit oxidation reactions that produce free radicals. They fight the effects of free radicals, and thus prevent cell and molecule damage
  40. Antiphlogistic- Essential oil, herb, or substance used to reduce inflammation or swelling
  41. Antipruritic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that relieve or prevent itching
  42. Antipyretic- Essential oil, herb, or substance used to reduce temperature in fevers. Also called febrifuge
  43. Antiseptic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that act against microbes and reduce the possibility of infections and sepsis
  44. Antispasmodic-Essential oil, herb, or substance used to relieve nervous irritability, reduce or prevent excessive involuntary muscular contractions and spasms, and relax smooth muscles. Also called spasmolytic
  45. Antitussive- Essential oil, herb, or substance that functions as cough medicine, and prevents or relieves cough
  46. Antiviral- Essential oil, herb, or substance that prevents and treats viral infections
  47. Aperient- Essential oil, herb, or substance used as a mild laxative and relieves constipation. Also called laxative
  48. Aphonia- Loss in the ability to speak or loss of voice
  49. Apnea- Ceasing to breathe temporarily
  50. Apoplexy- Loss of consciousness or sudden and severe hemorrhage
  51. Application- Remedy placed externally on a body part
  52. Aromatherapy- Therapeutic use of essential oils, whereby essential oils are applied to the skin, inhaled, ingested, or inserted into a body orifice, either directly or mixed with a carrier oil or carrier substance
  53. Arthritis- Inflammation in the joints
  54. Asepsis- Absence of disease-causing microorganisms, such as virus or bacteria
  55. Asthenia- Weakness or loss of tone. Also debility
  56. Astringent- Essential oil, herb, or substance that shrinks or contract tissues, and reduces discharges such as mucus or blood
  57. Astrology- The study of celestial objects with the purpose of divination
  58. Ayurveda- Treatment approach at least 5,000 years old that originated in the Indian subcontinent. It provides a holistic approach to healing. Ayurveda is a Sanskrit work that means "the science of life." Also known as Ayurvedic Medicine
  59. Ayurvedic Medicine- Treatment approach at least 5,000 years old that originated in the Indian subcontinent. It provides a holistic approach to healing. Ayurveda is a Sanskrit work that means "the science of life. "Also known as Ayurveda
  60. Bach Flower Remedy- Flower essences developed by Dr. Edward Bach in the 1920's. Originally, 38 remedies were discovered to bring about healing by treating negative emotions and balancing the mind and body
  61. Bacteremia- Bacterial infection in the blood
  62. Bactericidal- Essential oil, herb, or substance that destroys bacteria
  63. Balm- Ointment or oil with therapeutic properties
  64. Balsam- Resinous viscous substance extracted from plants
  65. Balsamic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that soothes and heals inflamed parts
  66. Bioavailability- Amount of healing, nutrient, or therapeutic substance that is made available to the body or to a specific target tissue
  67. Bitter- Essential oil, herb, or substance with a bitter taste and that serves as a stimulant to increase appetite and digestion. Some may reduce appetite, and function as diuretics and hepatics
  68. Bodywork- Treatment and healing practices that involve work on the body, such as manipulation, massage, breathing work, and others
  69. Botany- The study of plants, particularly their structure, development, and classification
  70. Bronchodialator- Essential oil, herb, or substance that relaxes bronchial muscles, increases the width of bronchial tubes, and increases the flow of air through the lungs

References

Freeman, L. (2009). Mosby’s Complementary & Alternative Medicine, A Research-Based Approach (3rd ed.). St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier.

Gale (2014). The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, (4th Ed). Farmington Hilla, MI: Gale Cengage Learning.

Gerber, R. (2001). Vibrational Medicine (3rd ed.). Rochester, VT: Bear & Company.

Hoffman, D. (2003). Medical Herbalism, The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine. Rochester, VT: Healing Arts Press.

Jayasundar, R. (2010). Ayurveda: a distinctive approach to health and disease. Current Science, 98(7), 908-914.

Pizzorno, J. E. & Murray, M. T. (2013). Textbook of Natural Medicine (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone.

Petersen, D. (2014). Aroma 501 Aromatherapy Science. Portland, OR: American College of Healthcare Sciences.

Petersen, D. & Etcheverry, P. (2015, December 15). 35 Holistic Nutrition Terms You Should Know [ACHS Health and Wellness Blog]. Retrieved from http://info.achs.edu/blog/35-holistic-nutrition-terms-you-should-know

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  • Sonee Singh
  • CAMComplementary Alternative MedicineDefinitions