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  • 70 "C" Thru "E" Terms in CAM
  • Sonee Singh
  • CAMComplementary Alternative MedicineDefinitions

70 "C" Thru "E" Terms in CAM

70

These are listed in alphabetical order and contain terms that start with the letters C thru E:

  1. Calmative- Essential oil, herb, or substance that has sedative action and decreases excitement
  2. Calorie- Nutritionally, it is the amount of heat that is needed to raise 1 kg or water by 1 degree Celcius
  3. CAM- Complementary Alternative Medicine. Encompasses a variety of healing modalities that are considered to be different from the current mainstream approach to healing
  4. Cancer- Abnormal and uncontrolled growth in cells that results in disease
  5. Carbohydrate- The main source of energy for the body, found in grains, fruits, vegetables, and dairy. The smallest form is a monosaccharide, which is one molecule of a simple sugar
  6. Carcinogen- Substance that can cause cancer
  7. Cardioprotective- Essential oil, herb, or substance that acts to protect the heart, and helps fight toxic effects on the heart. Often, they work to reduce blood pressure and treat heart failure
  8. Cardiotonic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that helps improve the tone and function of the heart
  9. Carminative- Essential oil, herb, or substance that stimulates intestinal peristalsis, relieves and promotes the expulsion of gas from the gastrointestinal tract, prevents gas, and fights flatulence
  10. Cathartic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that acts as a laxative
  11. Cell Proliferant- Essential oil, herb, or substance that promotes immunity and restoration
  12. Cephalic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that is particularly healing to cerebral conditions and diseases
  13. Chemoprotective- Essential oil, herb, or substance that helps protect the body from chemotherapy and anticancer treatments
  14. Chemotherapy- Treatment used against cancer that works by administering drugs or substances that target rapidly growing cells
  15. Chi- Vital energy that courses through the body along meridians
  16. Chinese Herbal Medicine -A vital component of TCM that uses a variety of plant, animal, and mineral substances to treat patients in a holistic manner
  17. Chinese manipulation- A form of treatment within TCM in which soft tissue and joints are manipulated. Often used as a general terms that encompasses stomach massage, acupressure, tui na, and cupping
  18. Chiropractic- Treatment and healing practice in which the muscular, skeletal, and nervous systems are manipulated and treated to improve health
  19. Cholagogue- Essential oil, herb, or substance that stimulates the liver to produce bile
  20. Choleretic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that increases the amount or volume of bile that the liver produces
  21. Cholesterol- A complex lipid that is carried by the body in two forms: low density lipoproteins (LDL) and high density lipoproteins (HDL). They result from the liver breaking down animal nutrients, and are needed in the body for healthy functioning
  22. Clinical trial- Experimental study conducted on humans to cover a particular disease or condition
  23. Colic- Pain in the abdominal organs, usually caused by contracting muscles
  24. Color therapy- Treatment and healing practice in which color is used to balance and treat the body. It believes that every color affects moods and emotions, and that the electromagnetic qualities of each of the seven colors in the spectrum affects one of the seven systems in the body
  25. Complementary medicine -An approach to healing that is not considered mainstream, and is used alongside conventional or allopathic medicine
  26. Compress- Damp or moist cloth applied to an external body part, usually used heated or cold
  27. Constituent- Chemical substance found in herbs and plants
  28. Control group- In a clinical trial, study, research, or experimental design, it is the group that provides the baseline from which to evaluate effect of the treatment. The control group receives no treatment, yet is exposed to situations or treatments as close to the experimental group as possible. The control group receives a placebo
  29. Controlled trial- Study or experiment in which one group of participants receives the experimental treatment and is known as the experimental group, and the other receives a placebo or no treatment and is known as the control group
  30. Cordial- Essential oil, herb, or substance that stimulates and warms the heart
  31. Crystal healing- Treatment and healing practice that uses stones and crystals to prevent and treat ailments and diseases
  32. Cupping- A healing therapy within TCM in which blood flow is stimulated to bring about healing. Cups made out of glass, bamboo, pottery, plastic, or iron are placed upside down in different areas of the body. Heat, fire, or a mechanical device is used to create suction such that there is a vacuum inside the cup that pulls the skin upwards. This draws blood to the site and promotes elimination of toxins and flow of chi
  33. Decoction- Herbal preparation usually consisting of 1 ounce of a hardy wood substance such as bark, stem, or root that is simmered in 1 pint of water until only 3/4 of the water remains
  34. Decongestant- Essential oil, herb, or substance that eliminates and relieves congestion from nasal and respiratory tracts
  35. Debility- Weakness or loss of tone. Also asthenia
  36. Dehydration- Loss of water or deficiency of water in the body, usually accompanied by thirst and exhaustion
  37. Demulcent- Essential oil, herb, or substance having mucilaginous properties that is soothing and protective internally to irritated and inflamed surfaces and tissues, and relieves inflammation or irritation
  38. Deodorant- Essential oil, herb, or substance that masks or removes unpleasant odors
  39. Depressant- Essential oil, herb, or substance that acts as a sedative or lowers nervous activity
  40. Depurative- Essential oil, herb, or substance that cleanses and purifies
  41. Dermal- Having to do with the skin
  42. Detumescence- Reduction in swelling
  43. Dhatu- One of the seven principles, elements, or tissues in the body within Ayurveda. These include rasa (plasma, lymph, and interstitial fluid), rakta (blood), mamsa (muscles), medas (fat), asthi (bone), majja (bone marrow), and shukra (reproductive tissue)
  44. Diaphoretic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that induces perspiration and sweat, as well as increases elimination through the skin
  45. Dietary supplement- A product meant to be ingested in order to improve the nutritional value of the diet, usually consisting of vitamin, mineral, amino acid, herb, or other dietary substance
  46. Digestive tonic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that improves the health of the digestive system including absorption of nutrients and excretion of toxins and waste
  47. Disaccharide- A form of carbohydrate composed of two monosaccharides. For instance:

                                                     sucrose = glucose + fructose

                                                     maltose = glucose + glucose

                                                     lactose = glucose + galactose

  1. Disinfectant- Essential oil, herb, or substance that destroys microorganisms, such as bacteria
  2. Diuretic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that increases the body's production of urine in the body, and thus removes excess water and salt
  3. Double-blind study- In a clinical trial, study, research, or experimental design, both those administering the treatment and receiving the treatment are not aware of who is receiving treatment (and is in the experimental group) and who is receiving a placebo (and is in the control group)
  4. Dynamic Phytotherapy- A therapeutic or healing approach developed in the 1980's in New Zealand in which 46 Homeobotanical remedies are used to treat a specific or range of body systems and organs
  5. Dyspnea- Difficulty in breathing
  6. Dystrophy- Breakdown of tissue, usually due to lack of nourishment and or heredity
  7. Ecchymosis- Bruise that is blue and black, caused when blood is released into the tissues, usually due to some type of injury
  8. Eclectic medicine- A therapeutic or healing approach used around the turn of the 20th Century in which herbal remedies and physical therapies are used to heal and treat conditions
  9. Edema- Accumulation of fluid in the tissues that often results in swelling
  10. Elimination diet- A diet in which different types of foods are eliminated over a period of time in order to identify foods that cause a negative reaction or an allergy
  11. Elixir- Liquid substance, usually with some type of therapeutic value
  12. Emetic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that induces vomiting and causes an evacuation of stomach contents
  13. Emmenagogue- Essential oil, herb, or substance that stimulates and promotes menstrual flow
  14. Emollient- Essential oil, herb, or substance that soothes the skin
  15. Emulsify- Dispersing two liquids that do not normally mix together, such as oil and water
  16. Enzyme- A type of protein that catalyzes or speeds chemical and metabolic reactions in the body
  17. Essential fatty acid- Lipid or fatty acid that the body cannot produce, and thus must be consumed in the diet. These include omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids
  18. Essential oil- Volatile aromatic compounds made up of a mixture of different chemicals that can be found in different parts of the plant as a product of the plant's metabolism. They are extracted and used for therapeutic purposes in aromatherapy, aromacology, and aromatology
  19. Excretion- Elimination of waste from cells, tissue, or body
  20. Exfoliant- Essential oil, herb, or substance that removes tissue or waste from the skin or other surfaces
  21. Expectorant- Essential oil, herb, or substance that helps loosen and expel mucous from the respiratory tract
  22. Experimental group- In a clinical trial, study, research, or experimental design, it is the group that receives the treatment that is being evaluated
  23. Extract- A substance that is pulled or drawn out from a plant or herb that contains a particular characteristic

References

Gale (2014). The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, (4th Ed). Farmington Hilla, MI: Gale Cengage Learning.

Jayasundar, R. (2010). Ayurveda: a distinctive approach to health and disease. Current Science, 98(7), 908-914.

Pizzorno, J. E. & Murray, M. T. (2013). Textbook of Natural Medicine (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone.

Petersen, D. (2014). Aroma 501 Aromatherapy Science. Portland, OR: American College of Healthcare Sciences.

Petersen, D. & Etcheverry, P. (2015, December 15). 35 Holistic Nutrition Terms You Should Know [ACHS Health and Wellness Blog]. Retrieved from http://info.achs.edu/blog/35-holistic-nutrition-terms-you-should-know

Image

Pixabay, wilhei

  • Sonee Singh
  • CAMComplementary Alternative MedicineDefinitions