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  • 70 “N” thru “Z” Useful Terms in CAM
  • Sonee Singh
  • CAMComplementary Alternative MedicineDefinitions

70 “N” thru “Z” Useful Terms in CAM

70 “N” thru “Z” Useful Terms in CAM

These are listed in alphabetical order and contain terms that start with the letters N thru Z:

  1. Naturopathic Medicine- Medical system of treatment that believes in healing the body through natural means, avoiding surgery and synthetic forms of treatment, and instead employing homeopathy, lifestyle changes, diet, exercise, herbalism, aromatherapy, and many others. Treatment approaches are tailored to the individual. Also known as Naturopathy
  2. Naturopathy- Medical system of treatment that believes in healing the body through natural means, avoiding surgery and synthetic forms of treatment, and instead employing homeopathy, lifestyle changes, diet, exercise, herbalism, aromatherapy, and many others. Treatment approaches are tailored to the individual. Also known as Naturopathic Medicine
  3. Nephritic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that have a beneficial influence on the kidneys
  4. Neuroprotective- Essential oil, herb, or substance that supports and protects the nervous system, including the brain and nerves
  5. Neutraceutical- A food or nutrient or a dietary supplement derived from food that is said to have health benefits
  6. NSAID- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. Used as a pain reliever and to reduce inflammation. Examples include ibuprofen (Advil), aspirin (Bayer), naproxen (naprosyn), naproxen sodium (Aleve), and diclofenac (Voltaren), among others
  7. Nutrient- Compound needed for growth and development
  8. Nutritive- Essential oil, herb, or substance that nourishes and builds the body
  9. Ointment- Herbal preparation usually consisting of a mixture of herbs and lanolin, beeswax, cold pressed oil, or other. It is meant to be applied externally on the skin
  10. Orexigenic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that increase or stimulate the appetite
  11. Osteopathy- A therapeutic of healing approach that involves manipulation and massage of muscles and bones
  12. Pathogen- Something that causes disease
  13. Pectoral- Essential oil, herb, or substance that heals complaints of the lungs
  14. Phospholipid- Lipid compound made up of one glycerol molecule, two fatty acids, and one phosphate group
  15. Phytochemical- Compound produced by plants, usually with a therapeutic action
  16. Phytotherapy- The study of herbal medicine, typically the uses of herbal medicine in treating illnesses and conditions
  17. Pitta- One of the three doshas, humors, or body types in Ayurveda. Characterized by the fire principle and represents change, heat, light, and movement among others
  18. Placebo- A treatment, medicine, or therapeutic approach without a measurable therapeutic value
  19. Polarity therapy- A holistic form of energy therapy that focuses on balancing energy throughout the body through the use of bodywork, movement or exercise, nutrition, and counseling
  20. Polysaccharide- Complex carbohydrate made up of various saccharide molecules, such as cellulose, hemicellulose, pectin, and glycogen
  21. Poultice- Herbal application of herbs to the skin where herbs are wrapped in cheesecloth, heated, and applied externally
  22. Prakruti- Body type or constitution of an individual, central to developing a diagnostic and treatment approach in Ayurveda
  23. Proliferation- Rapidly increasing or in large numbers
  24. Prophylactic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that prevents disease
  25. Protein- Compound made up of one or more amino acids. Are essential for growth, and can be found in legumes, grains, and animal products
  26. Qi gong- Holistic system of movement that originated in ancient China, and that involves coordinated postures, movement, and breathing. It can also incorporate meditation
  27. Radioprotective- Helps against effects of radiation
  28. Radiation Therapy- Treatment that uses radiation to destroy cells, typically used to treat cancer. Also known as Radiotherapy
  29. Radiotherapy- Treatment that uses radiation to destroy cells, typically used to treat cancer. Also known as Radiation Therapy
  30. RCT- Randomized controlled trial. A controlled trial in which the group of participants are randomly assigned into either the experimental group or the control group
  31. Reflexology- A therapeutic or healing approach that involves applying pressure to specific areas in the hands and feet
  32. Refrigerant- Essential oil, herb, or substance that has cooling properties, lowers body temperature, and relieves thirst
  33. Reiki- Meaning "universal life energy." An energetic healing approach that originated in Japan in which the practitioner channels energy into the receiver to provide physical, spiritual, and emotional benefits
  34. Relaxant- Essential oil, herb, or substance that reduces tension or increases relaxation
  35. Restorative- Essential oil, herb, or substance that strengthens and revives systems in the body
  36. RNS- Reactive nitrogen species. Oxidants released during chemical reactions in the body that produce free radicals that can cause damage to the body. RNS are formed as part of normal metabolic processes that involve nitrogen dioxide, and can also be caused when the body is exposed to chemicals, radiation, and toxins
  37. ROS- Reactive oxygen species. Oxidants released during chemical reactions in the body that produce free radicals that can cause damage to the body. ROS are formed as part of normal metabolic processes that involve oxygen, and can also be caused when the body is exposed to chemicals, radiation, and toxins
  38. Rubefacient- Essential oil, herb, or substance that increases blood flow to an area of the body, usually directly over which the substance is applied
  39. Saponin- Compounds that increase the body and the cell's ability to absorb other compounds
  40. Saturated fat- A type of triglyceride made up of fatty acids saturated with hydrogen atoms. Usually solid at room temperature
  41. Sedative- Essential oil, herb, or substance that calms the nervous system and has a tranquilizing effect
  42. Shiatsu- A therapeutic or healing approach that originated in Japan, and involves manipulation, pressure point, and stretching of the body to stimulate the flow of chi through the meridians in the body
  43. Soporific- Essential oil, herb, or substance that induces sleep
  44. Spasmolytic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that relaxes smooth muscle. Also called antispasmodic
  45. Stomachic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that tones and strengthens the stomach
  46. Styptic- Essential oil that stops local bleeding and hemorrhaging, applied externally
  47. Sucrose- A disaccharide made up of glucose and fructose
  48. Sudorific- Essential oil, herb, or substance that induces or produces sweat
  49. Synergy- Concept in which the simultaneous effect of two or more ingredients or substances is greater than the single effect of just one
  50. Tai chi- A form of movement within TCM that involves continuous and slow movement, and promotes relaxation and physical, emotional, and spiritual health
  51. Tannin- Compound found primarily in the leaves and bark of plants that often that have astringent, antiviral, antiinflammatory, and healing properties
  52. TCM- Traditional Chinese Medicine. Originated in China several thousands of years ago. It is a method of healing based on balancing different factors, such as yin (female principle) and yang (male principle). It also balances and takes into account the five elements of earth, fire, metal, water, and wood, which are believed to be present in every aspect of the universe, including our bodies. Finally, TCM seeks to balance humans’ relation to nature. TCM incorporates many modalities such as acupressure, acupuncture, Chinese herbal medicine, Chinese manipulation, cupping, diet, gua sha, massage, moxibustion, qigong, tai chi, and tui na
  53. Tea- Herbal preparation usually consisting of 1 teaspoon of dry herb steeped in 1 cup of water for 5-10 minutes
  54. Teratogen- Essential oil, herb, or substance that can cause birth defects
  55. Therapeutic touch- Treatment and healing practices in which energy work is used to heal different areas of the body by the therapist placing their hands on or near the area that needs to be healed or treated
  56. Tincture- Herbal preparation that is a concentrated liquid form of the herb. Usually involves 1 part herb to 5 parts of liquid extract, such as alcohol, vinegar, ether, glycerin, or other
  57. Tonic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that stimulates, energizes, and strengthens the body
  58. Traditional medicine- A therapeutic or healing approach that has a long-standing in history and is considered as complementary or alternative
  59. Triglyceride- A type of lipid made up of a glycerol molecule and three fatty acids
  60. Tui na- A form of massage within TCM that manipulates muscles and organs in the body, and seeks to release energy blockage and allow chi to flow freely through the meridians or paths of the body
  61. Unsaturated fat- A type of triglyceride made up of fatty acids that are missing hydrogen atoms. Usually liquid at room temperature
  62. Vasoconstrictor- Essential oil, herb, or substance that narrows the blood vessels
  63. Vasodilator- Essential oil, herb, or substance that dilates the blood vessels
  64. Vata- One of the three doshas, humors, or body types in Ayurveda. Characterized by the air principle and represents movement, dry, light, and rough among others
  65. Vermicide- Essential oil, herb, or substance that kills worms
  66. Vermifuge- Essential oil, herb, or substance with the power to expel worms. Also known as Anthelmintic
  67. Vitamin- Compound needed in small amounts in the diet
  68. Vulnerary- Essential oil, herb, or substance that promotes healing of fresh cuts or wounds
  69. Yoga- A mind-body practice that focuses on coordinated breathing, poses, and movement to strengthen and heal the body physically, emotionally, and spiritually
  70. Zen- A school of Buddhism that focuses on meditation and intuition. Colloquially, zen is known as a balanced or relaxed state of mind

References

Gale (2014). The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, (4th Ed). Farmington Hilla, MI: Gale Cengage Learning.

Jayasundar, R. (2010). Ayurveda: a distinctive approach to health and disease. Current Science, 98(7), 908-914.

Pizzorno, J. E. & Murray, M. T. (2013). Textbook of Natural Medicine (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone.

Petersen, D. (2014). Aroma 501 Aromatherapy Science. Portland, OR: American College of Healthcare Sciences.

Petersen, D. & Etcheverry, P. (2015, December 15). 35 Holistic Nutrition Terms You Should Know [ACHS Health and Wellness Blog]. Retrieved from http://info.achs.edu/blog/35-holistic-nutrition-terms-you-should-know

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  • Sonee Singh
  • CAMComplementary Alternative MedicineDefinitions