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  • 78 “F” thru “M” Useful Terms in CAM
  • Sonee Singh
  • CAMComplementary Alternative MedicineDefinitions

78 “F” thru “M” Useful Terms in CAM

78 “F” thru “M” Useful Terms in CAM

These are listed in alphabetical order and contain terms that start with the letters F thru M:

  1. Fatty acid- The building block of lipids
  2. Febrifuge- Essential oil, herb, or substance that reduces fever. Also called antipyretic
  3. Fiber- Complex carbohydrate that is made up of cellulose and hemicellulose
  4. Flavonoid- Color or pigments found in plants that have beneficial effects on the body, such as antioxidant, antiinflammatory, antiviral, and others
  5. Fluid extract- Herbal preparation of the highest concentration where the herb is mixed with an extract, such as alcohol, and uses specialized equipment. Involved evaporation, percolation, or other method
  6. Fomentation- Topical application of an herbal decoction where a cloth or towel is soaked in either a hot or cold decoction and is applied to the skin
  7. Free radical- Compound released from metabolic processes in the body or resulting from pollutants, chemicals, and stress. Excess amounts of free radicals damage the body's cells. Include items such as nitric oxide (NO), superoxide (O2), and hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)
  8. Fructose- A monosaccharide found in some fruits and vegetables
  9. Fungicidal- Essential oil, herb, or substance that destroys fungi
  10. Galactagogue- Essential oil, herb, or substance that promotes lactation
  11. Gallstone- Hard mass formed in the gallbladder that consists of bile, cholesterol, salts and other substances
  12. Gargle- Mouth wash or rinse for the mouth and throat. Can be therapeutic and/or antiseptic
  13. Germicidal Essential oil, herb, or substance that destroys germs, such as viruses and bacteria
  14. Glucose A monosaccharide prevalently found in foods. Most carbohydrates consumed are broken down into glucose by the body, to be used as a source of energy
  15. Gluten- A type of protein found in wheat and other types of grains that gives elasticity to dough
  16. Glycoside- Compounds commonly found in plants that have strong effects on the body. Some are therapeutic and others are poisonous
  17. Gua sha- A healing therapy within TCM in which blood flow is stimulated to bring about healing. A metal spoon or coin is used to scrape the skin and produce light bruising
  18. Guided imagery- A mind-body therapy in which words or music are used to produce mental images and sensory perceptions to promote positive emotions, relaxation, and healing
  19. HDL- High-density lipoprotein, considered to be "good" cholesterol. Responsible for carrying cholesterol and fats from the tissues in the body to the liver
  20. Heartwood- Central or innermost part of the tree
  21. Hepatic- Related to or having to do with the liver
  22. Hepatoprotective- Essential oil, herb, or substance that prevents damage to the liver
  23. Herbaceous- Non-woody parts of the plant, usually related to the leaves
  24. Herbal medicine- Study of herbs involving a holistic approach that incorporates ecological, emotional, medical, mental, and physical applications. Study of various herbal traditions to study how herbs can be used to treat and prevent disease. Also known as Herbalism
  25. Herbal remedy- Treatment or remedy derived from herbal traditions that uses one or various herbs as the source of treatment. Application can range widely and include teas, tincture, infusions, decoctions, ointments, extracts, fomentations, compresses, pills, supplements, and many others
  26. Herbalism- Study of herbs involving a holistic approach that incorporates ecological, emotional, medical, mental, and physical applications. Study of various herbal traditions to study how herbs can be used to treat and prevent disease. Also known as Herbal medicine
  27. Holistic healing- Treatments and healing practices that looks at the entire person, and evaluates all aspects of their being, including their emotional, physical, mental, social, spiritual, and relationship health
  28. Holistic medicine- An approach to healing that looks at the entire person, and evaluates all aspects of their being, including their emotional, physical, mental, social, spiritual, and relationship health
  29. Homeobotanical- A remedy used within Dynamic Phytotherapy that is made purely of herbs. It is a diluted herbal tincture that has a low potency and is potentized to treat at a physical and energetic level
  30. Homeopathy- Homeopathy is derived from the Greek "homeos", meaning like or similar, and "pathos", meaning disease or suffering, and together mean “like disease.” Homeopathic medicine believes that substances that cause disease can be curative if they are used in highly diluted amounts. Homeopathic remedies stimulate the body to heal, and can be derived from plant, mineral, or chemical substances
  31. Homeostasis- Stable equilibrium of the body's internal environment
  32. Hydrogen oxide- H2O or water
  33. Hydroxyl radical- OH, a type of free radical
  34. Hypersensitivity- Allergic reaction to a particular substance
  35. Hypertension- High blood pressure
  36. Hypertensive- Essential oil, herb, or substance that increases blood pressure
  37. Hypnosis- Therapeutic approach in which a higher state of consciousness is accessed in order to bring more focus, concentration, or attention to a particular area of the mind
  38. Hypnotic- Essential oil, herb, or substance that is a powerful nervine relaxant, can induce sleep, and can support healthy sleep
  39. Hypotension- Low blood pressure
  40. Iatrogenic- A condition or disease that was caused by a medical treatment
  41. Idiopathic- A condition or disease in which the cause is known
  42. Immune response- The body's reaction to an infection, a foreign substance, or other pathological condition
  43. Immunodeficiency- A decrease in the immune response or a defect in the immune system
  44. Immunomodulatory- Essential oil, herb, or substance that strengthens the immune system and helps fight infections
  45. Immunostimulant- Essential oil, herb, or substance that increases the action of the immune system
  46. In vitro- Meaning "in glass" in Latin. Pertains to studies conducted in controlled environments outside of the living organism, such as a test tube or petri dish
  47. In vivo- Meaning "in life" in Latin. Pertains to studies conducted within a living organism, such as an animal or human
  48. Infusion- Herbal preparation usually consisting of 1 ounce of dried herbs steeped in boiling water for 10 to 20 minutes
  49. Insomnia- Condition where it is difficult to fall asleep or to stay asleep
  50. Insulin- A hormone made by the pancreas that stimulates the body's uptake of glucose
  51. Integrative medicine- A therapeutic or healing approach that considers the best healing method for the individual, incorporating allopathic medicine, alternative medicine, or a combination of both
  52. Irritant Essential oil, herb, or substance that produces redness, itching, swelling, rashes, or blisters on the skin
  53. Jaundice- Elevated levels of bilirubin in the body that often results in the yellowing of the skin
  54. Kapha- One of the three doshas, humors, or body types in Ayurveda. Characterized by the water principle and represents firm, support, cold, heavy, sluggish, oily, and shiny, among others
  55. Kidney stone- Hard mass formed in the kidneys
  56. Larvicidal- Essential oil, herb, or substance that kills larvae or immature insects
  57. Laxative- Essential oil, herb, or substance that stimulates bowel movements
  58. LDL- Low-density lipoprotein, considered to be "bad" cholesterol when present in high levels. Responsible for carrying cholesterol and fats from the liver to the tissues in the body
  59. Licensing- Any type of permit procedure required in order to practice a CAM or other therapeutic modality. Different licensing requirements can exist in different states and/or countries
  60. Light therapy- Also known as phototherapy or heliotherapy. A type of therapy involving exposure to light that is often brighter than indoor light
  61. Lipid- Group of compounds that include fats and oils
  62. Lotion- Emollient or moisturizer typically used on external body parts
  63. Macronutrient- Protein, carbohydrate, and lipid
  64. Magnet therapy- Therapeutic use of magnets to alleviate conditions such as pain, soreness, or others. Magnets are typically held in place through clothing, jewelry, linens, or other
  65. Mahabhoota Element in nature in Ayurveda. 5 elements are air, earth, ether, fire, and water
  66. Mala- Prayer beads or a string of beads used in prayer or meditation
  67. Manipulation- Therapeutic use of hands to move a specific part of the body, such as muscles or joints
  68. Massage- The manipulation of muscles, connective tissue, and skin
  69. Meditation- Mental exercise that involves concentrating on breath, sound, mantras, counting, prayer, movement, visualization, or other in order to improve focus, attention, health, and relaxation, and reduce stress, distraction, and "mental chatter"
  70. Meridians- Natural pathways in the body through which chi flows
  71. Metabolism- Reactions in the body that use nutrients that have been absorbed. All the chemical reactions that take place in the body
  72. Micronutrient- Vitamins and minerals
  73. Microorganism- Microscopic living organism that is too small to be seen on its own with an unaided eye. Can include bacteria, virus, algae, protozoa, and fungi
  74. Mineral- Micronutrient needed to be consumed in the diet, such as iron, magnesium, selenium, and zinc
  75. Monosaccharide- Smallest molecule of carbohydrate. Different types include fructose, glucose, and galactose
  76. Moxa- Dried herb, typically mugwort Artemisia vulgaris, used in moxibustion
  77. Moxibustion- A healing therapy within TCM in which blood flow is stimulated to bring about healing. Moxa or mugwort, Artemisia vulgaris, is prepared in stick form. The moxa stick is lit on one end and held close to the body, over the area that needs to be treated. It can also be held over an acupuncture needle
  78. Mucilage- Chains of polysaccharides that are produced by all plants. They swell up and form a gel-like substance when mixed with water, and act as mild laxatives and soothe and relieve irritations, such as sore throats

References

Gale (2014). The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine, (4th Ed). Farmington Hilla, MI: Gale Cengage Learning.

Jayasundar, R. (2010). Ayurveda: a distinctive approach to health and disease. Current Science, 98(7), 908-914.

Pizzorno, J. E. & Murray, M. T. (2013). Textbook of Natural Medicine (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Churchill Livingstone.

Petersen, D. (2014). Aroma 501 Aromatherapy Science. Portland, OR: American College of Healthcare Sciences.

Petersen, D. & Etcheverry, P. (2015, December 15). 35 Holistic Nutrition Terms You Should Know [ACHS Health and Wellness Blog]. Retrieved from http://info.achs.edu/blog/35-holistic-nutrition-terms-you-should-know

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  • Sonee Singh
  • CAMComplementary Alternative MedicineDefinitions